Therapy animals can serve in many areas, from providing company to older people to improve motor skills or even conduct in patients with psychological disorders.
Zootherapy or animal-assisted therapy (by its acronym: TAA) aims to take advantage of pets to treat any diseases, especially in children and older people. It is widely used for autism and mental or intellectual disabilities. Discover some curiosities and interesting facts about therapy with animals.
Basic information on zootherapy
The first time with data from the use of pet therapy in sick (in cases with mental problems) was in 1792 in England. Then in 1867 the pets start to intervene in the care and treatment of epileptics in a city of Germany. In 1944 the Red Cross organizes an area of rehabilitation in New York to rehabilitate animals who were returning from the war.
Most used in zootherapy species of animals are dogs, cats, horses, birds, rabbits and dolphins. The latter offer many benefits in patients with Down syndrome, autism, cerebral palsy, etc.
The main purpose of the contact between the person and the animal is at the same time increases security in those who have lost the motivation for different reasons and improve the emotional quality of the human being. Every time the animals are used more for the treatment of depressive or people with little interaction with others.
Zootherapy is effective in patients with learning disabilities or attention, especially in childhood. Children make games and other recreational activities in conjunction with the animals to learn and change negative attitudes (aggression, nerves, anxiety) for positive.
It is proven that when a person sees an animal nearby, their aggression levels down, showing caring and friendly. Talk to the animals is equal to know fidelity and true love, it’s a motivation that no doctor, by more empathy, that can produce. It allows to strengthen communication, enhance confidence and reduce fears.
What are the benefits of zootherapy?
Some of the advantages that offer therapies with animals are:
- Greater empathy
- An approach of what happens around
- Improve relations with others
- Accept the neighbor
- Stay entertained
- Receive stimuli to the brain
- Physiological benefits
Therapy with animals: dogs, cats, horses and dolphins
Dogs are great companions of people and everyone knows it. However, some breeds (such as, for example, farmers), offer an extra in the treatment of people with mental or acoustic problems. In the case of canine therapy, we can highlight the following references:
It serves to reduce stress, improve mood and attention capacity, helps to recognize the body, exercise memory and develop leisure skills.
It allows strengthening the muscles of the patients, improve motor skills, motor coordination. Relax arms and legs and serves to exercise motor skills to pet them or feed them.
Helps in the development of the senses, providing tactile, Visual and auditory stimuli.
They also stimulate the development of any recreational activity and is not yet well known, have a very good communication with children, not to mention. Dogs can understand what is what happens to them and what they need without request from the person.
Living with dogs reduces blood pressure and cholesterol, increases the sense of humor, it reduces levels of anxiety and illnesses. It also prevents coronary conditions and is very good for the children in the early stages.
In the case of cats, it’s an excellent therapist that is ideal for treatments in the elderly. The cat is present in a large number of geriatric because it provides tranquility to those who live there.
It failed to check that the mere fact that a cat has a home power people’s health, relaxes them and takes away the depression. A cat is used to retrieve the people in cases of cerebrovascular accidents, reduces anxiety in extensive treatments such as chemotherapy, prevents depression, makes people feel occupied, allows to treat children with hearing or speaking.